Become an egg donor

Egg donation takes place at a fertility clinic and is performed by a fertility specialist. When eggs are needed for reproductive assistance, egg donors are often recruited. Not just anyone can be an egg donor.

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Overview

Egg donation takes place at a fertility clinic and is performed by a fertility specialist. When eggs are needed for reproductive assistance, egg donors are often recruited. Not just anyone can be an egg donor. The preferred candidate is in her twenties, a non-smoker or drug user (prescription or illegal), physically fit, in good health, and has no history of certain genetic diseases on either side of her family. While there are numerous considerations that can go into accepting or rejecting a woman as a donor.
Each of these conditions is vital to your success as an egg donor, along with being beneficial to recipients during their own decision-making.

Egg donors are usually anonymous, but in some instances, when both parties agree to it, the person or couple who will use the donated eggs is able to meet the donor via zoom before moving forward with the process. In the rarest of instances, the donor stays part of the child’s life in some way; however, usually a child from a donated egg never meets his or her biological mother.

Some intended parents will request a certain genetic profile in a donated egg. The parents may be looking for an egg donor who has a similar hair color, eye color, and complexion as they do, so their child is more likely to look like them. Sometimes a donor that fits the criteria can be recruited through an agency that specializes in oocyte donation.

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Health Requirements

  • Women should be between the ages of 21 and 29.
  • You will not be accepted if you are currently smoking or using drugs.
  • No history of the six important genetic diseases on either side of your family.
  • Your general emotional and physical health must be good overall.
  • Carriers of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, hepatitis, and chlamydia are not approved, Must not have had Chlamydia in the past year.
  • You must be prepared to self-administer injectable medications for a period of 7-12 days.
  • You should have approximately two flexible weeks of availability to complete the process.
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Payment and Benefits

The amount of egg donor compensation paid varies on a case-by-case basis. Typically, an egg donor fee will range from $8,000 to $25,000. Those egg donors who have previously cycled or who have exceptional qualities may be paid more.

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The Process

Delivery and Recovery

The egg donor screening process benefits more than just the egg recipient. The screening process is for your own benefit as well. From a health perspective, the doctors and medical staff overseeing your procedure require certain information to determine whether your eggs are viable for donation. This includes their overall health and an understanding of any genetic conditions carried by you or someone in your immediate family. This can be helpful to know when you are planning your own family.

These screening tests also offer insight into whether donating is a medically safe option for you. This process can sometimes prove much more than a regular routine check-up for certain women’s bodies. The wide variety of diagnostic tests given provides a full scope of your general health and help determine whether this is a good choice for you.

During these initial screenings, you will be provided with detailed information on what donating entails. Making the choice to give up some of your eggs is not an easy undertaking. Aside from the physical toll, it is sometimes a difficult time commitment. From the initial medical screening until the day your eggs are retrieved, you will be required to make numerous, maybe sometimes daily trips to the doctor after starting the injections.

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Egg Retrieval

A fertility specialist will harvest the eggs at the right time from the donor. The egg donation process lasts from three to four months until the eggs are retrieved while the stimulation to egg retrieval only takes around 2 weeks.

The donor receives a series of injections of follicle-stimulating hormone therapy that tells her ovaries to prepare several oocytes (mature eggs) for retrieval. The egg retrieval procedure itself is done under a light sedation on an out-patient basis and takes about 10 to 20 minutes. Guided by ultrasound, the fertility specialist uses a long and thin needle to aspirate the eggs from the follicles of both ovaries.

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Your Legal Rights to Donated Eggs

One of the most important steps throughout the entire egg donation process is signing valid contracts. These contracts are crucial to protecting the legal rights of all parties involved. Not only do they ensure that you are not held responsible for any child that is born from your eggs, but also protect parents from the egg donor claiming any rights to their child. Discussing and understanding your legal rights is an essential part of the screening process.

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FAQs

Do egg donors have any out-of-pocket expenses?

We provide all funding for your egg donation. You are not required to pay for any testing, fertility treatments, travel or donation. You will not incur any fees or costs, and you will receive various genetic and reproductive tests worth an estimated $3,000. These tests will not only serve as a guide to your general and reproductive health, but also prove invaluable if you decide to have a family.

What is the average timeline to complete screening?

Prerequisite screening can be completed in three weeks depending on your personal schedule, menstrual period and physician appointments.

Are there restrictions on how many donation cycles are possible?

The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) has set the industry limitation at six cycles per egg donor in her lifetime, not per clinic. Once a donor has completed six cycles, she is not eligible to donate at another facility or for another recipient.

Are there any side effects or risks of being an egg donor?

Egg donor screening and pre-qualification for egg donation limits the possibility of complications. Risks involved are similar to any other health procedure. If you are concerned or have further questions regarding possible complications, we recommend consulting a physician before becoming an egg donor.

Are egg donors held responsible for resulting children?

Egg donors are not held liable nor do they have parental claim over children resulting from their donated eggs.

How painful is egg retrieval?

During egg retrieval, you’ll be sedated and given pain medication. Transvaginal ultrasound aspiration is the usual retrieval method. After egg retrieval, you may experience slightly cramping pain or a little bit pressure in the following few days. But the severity of symptoms can vary greatly between patients.